The Cullinan Diamond was a largest high quality and spectacularly looking diamond that was weighing 3,106.75 carats (621.350 g). This gigantic piece of rare diamond was found in the Premier No. 2 mine which was located in the outskirts of Pretoria, South Africa, on the 26 January 1905.
The Cullinan was so colossal and huge that It had to be chopped into numerous polished high quality and dazzling looking gems. A story that is often associated with the Cullinan diamond is that when the diamond was cut during its first try, the knife that was used to break it broke doen.
"The tale is told of Joseph Asscher, the greatest cleaver of the day," written by the great Matthew Hart in his book with the title of Diamond: A Journey to the Heart of an Obsession, "that when he prepared to cleave the largest diamond ever known, the 3,106 carats (621.2 g) Cullinan, he had a doctor and nurse standing by and when he finally struck the diamond and it broke perfectly in two, he fainted dead away”.
The biggest and the most valuable amongst them were called as the Cullinan I or the Great Star of Africa. Such was the splendor and grandiose look of The Cullinan that at a startling 530.4 carats (106.08 g) it is regarded as the largest polished white diamond in the world. Currently the Cullinan I is studded in the Sovereign's Sceptre paired with a Cross.
After speaking about the Cullinan1, it is the second-largest gem from the rough stone, Cullinan II or the Second Star of Africa that astonishes us with its scintillating beauty. Standing at an admirable 317.4 carats (63.48 g), it is regarded as the fourth-largest polished diamond in the world, and is placed beautifully in the Imperial State Crown. Such is the brilliance of these diamonds that both of these masterpieces are embedded in to the Crown Jewels. They have come about as a vital element of the Royal Collection held in high esteem, respect and regard by Queen Elizabeth II herself, her successors and the entire nation. Such is the popularity of Cullinan that the other seven diamonds chiseled and extracted from the original, personally belong to the Queen.
Going back to the basics the Cullinan diamond was discovered by a miner, Thomas Evan Powell, who helped bringing the huge Cullinan up to the surface, after which he presented the sparkling specimen to surface manager of the Premier Diamond Mining Company in Cullinan, South Africa, Frederick Wells on 26th
of January 1905 after which the humongous diamond was given as a gift to the king on his birthday, and in the presence of eminent royalty like the Queen of Norway, the Queen of Spain, Bendor Westminster and Lord Revelstoke.
Some of the major diamonds that originated from the original piece of Cullinan and grew in popularity were:
Cullinan I is famously shaped like a pear. This piece of extraordinary diamond is the largest stone that has been carved out of the coarse Cullinan diamond and the most transparently cut diamond that can be found in the whole world . Such is the versatility of this rare piece of gem that It can be extracted out of the sceptre and can also be used to make a classy pendant.
Cullinan II, also known as the Second Star of Africa, weighing 317.4 carats and coming in an ingenious rectangular cushion cut, is studded in the cross that is placed regally in front direction of the Imperial State Crown.
Cullinan III is another part of The Cullinan which is again cut in a pear like manner. The 94.4-carat diamond known is known as one of the Lesser Stars of Africa (along with Cullinan IV). Queen Mary,had Cullinan III set up in her crown during the time of her coronation that took place in 1911.
Cullinan IV is another rare piece of large diamond that is square-cushion-cut and weighs 63.6 carats. Initially, this piece of The Cullinan was craftily studded in the Crown of Queen Mary , as a part of the circlet; however. However it was removed during 1914.
Cullinan V is a 18.8-carat (3.76 g) diamond that is shaped like a heart and was famed to be made to situate in the middle of a platinum brooch, which then as a result became a vital part of the stomacher specially produced for Queen Mary. She wore this gleaming piece of work during the Delhi Durbar in 1911
The sixth which is also known as the Cullinan VI is marquise-cut and weighs an admirable 8.8 carats
The seventh Cullinan was presented by Edward VII to Queen Alexandra
, which post his demise she further presented to Queen Mary, who had it carved delicately and tastefully in to her pendant.
Weighing 6.8 carats this piece of Cullinan was passed on to Queen Elizabeth II
as a brooch in the year of 1953.
The Cullinan IX is regarded popularly around the world as the final and the most biggest diamond to be taken from the original piece of The Cullinan.